If a donkey has any open wound and has not been vaccinated for Tetanus, they could become seriously ill or die if that bacteria enters the bloodstream. Healthy donkey poop is greenish to brown, moist, formed in balls with no recognizable piece of food in them that can be easily broken up. If left untreated, the problem can heal and then show up again some time later. It affects the sensitive and insensitive tissues in the foot that support the pedal bone. If you notice that a donkey is unhealthy, it’s crucial to consult with a veterinarian or compassionate care expert and prioritize accurately diagnosing the problem. He will be the one to tell you for sure. We are 100% donor-funded and rely on the support of generous individuals to provide compassionate resources to animal caretakers worldwide. Gastric ulcers are lesions on the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Others are soft nodules under the skin, and some start off as alopecia with a crust surface. Call a veterinarian to discuss the symptoms and proper course of treatment. Fever, nasal discharge, and coughing are all symptoms of the disease and can be hard to distinguish from Equine Influenza. Be sure to change diets gradually, as immediate changes can cause other health issues to arise. Common internal parasites donkey residents are susceptible to include: As a preventative measure, you should have a lab perform a fecal test on donkeys every three months to ensure that they are not facing a dangerous parasitic infection and have appropriate treatment policies in place for infected donkeys. Horses who live with donkeys can also contract lungworms and develop respiratory issues, such as bronchitis, but are unlikely to pass the infection to another horse. For some donkeys, the hives or bumps will resolve themselves over a day or two. (Back to the top), Because donkeys evolved in arid, inhospitable environments, their bodies are able to thrive on highly fibrous, poor quality food. Mites in the ear Other uses Donkeys Wounds Other uses Goats Itchy, dry skin/hair loss Other uses Horses Midge barrier Fleshy Growths Cracks & sores on legs Wounds Mites, … (Back to the top), An abnormally shaped upright foot can be caused by congenital or acquired deformities of the deep digital flexor tendon. Sarcoptic mites of horses are a species-specific strain of Sarcoptes scabiei, a mite species that also infests sheep, cattle, pigs, other livestock, and humans. You may notice a donkey frequently attempting to urinate or notice blood in their urine. Diets high in concentrates, fruits, and lush grass can cause issues. Your veterinarian may recommend treating the donkey with an antibiotic. Horses and donkeys may be infested by two species of lice, Haematopinus asini, the horse bloodsucking louse, and Damalinia equi, the horse biting louse.D equi is also called Werneckiella equi and was formerly known as Bovicola equi, Trichodectes equi, and T parumpilosus.. Laminitis may develop gradually, with the only sign being laminitis rings on the hooves, or it could be associated with seasonal turnout to pasture, and present as severe recurrent painful laminitis. If a donkey has recurrent infections and parasites, you should consider calling your veterinarian. Treatment includes the use of anti-coccidial agents, such as ponazuril, and NSAIDs. Be sure to wash your hands, clean and disinfect your boots, wear latex or plastic gloves, and change clothes between handling quarantined donkeys and other donkey residents. Take your index finger and run it around the inside of the ear and gently scrape then check to see if you can scrape out some mites or maybe even ticks if they are embedded too bad. The female horse (mare) comes into heat for the first time at about 18 months of age. Vaccinate against VEE as recommended by your veterinarian. (Back to the top). These progress to white or grey opacity, preventing light from being reflected from the retina. Donkeys are generally more stoic in nature, and may only exhibit the smallest behavioral changes in response to an uncomfortable or painful feeling. As you may know, regular documentation is a critical part of responsible sanctuary animal care. Ensure that the donkey doesn’t have pain when they move their joints. There is no vaccination either. Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis is a neurological condition affecting donkeys and other equines. Cryptorchidism is a condition where one or both testes fails to descend from the abdomen into the scrotal sac. Excessively sticky, yellow, or odorous earwax needs addressing. If you take in a donkey with severely overgrown hooves, you should get a radiograph to ascertain whether bone changes have occurred within the hoof. Talk to your veterinarian about the best options for future treatment, as the type of treatment will vary depending on the location, depth, and infection status of the crack. See a more detailed explanation here. Washing the eye to remove dirt or a foreign object is a good first step. They’re most common in young animals. It affects the upper and lower respiratory tract of horses, donkeys and mules. Mites can be transmitted from one donkey to another by contact or grooming equipment, so avoid contact of animals and using the same grooming material. Although sarcoids are benign, they can can grow and become infected. Sarcoids can be found on any part of the body but they are most common around the head, eyes, groin, midline, and, axilla (underarms). Circulatory: Equine Infectious Anemia (“Swamp Fever”), Gastrointestinal: Anthrax, Colic, Diarrhea, Gastric ulcers, Internal Parasites – Large Strongyles, Small Strongyles, Roundworms, Pinworms, and Tapeworms, Metabolic: Equine Cushing’s Disease, Equine Metabolic Syndrome, Musculoskeletal System: Arthritis, Club Foot, Hoof Abscesses, Hoof Avulsion, Hoof Cracks, Hoof Overgrowth, Laminitis, Pigeon Fever, Thrush, White Line Disease (‘Seedy Toe’), Neurological: Equine Encephalomyelitis, Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis, Tetanus (‘LockJaw’),  West Nile Virus, Rabies, Respiratory:  Anthrax, Equine Herpes Virus, Equine Influenza, Lungworms, Strangles, Skin And Hair:  Abscesses, Anthrax, Brucellosis, Dermatophilosis (‘Rain Scald’), External Parasites ( Lice, Mites, and Ticks), Insect Hypersensitivity (‘Sweet Itch’), Pastern And Heel Dermatitis (‘Mud Fever’), Pigeon Fever, Sarcoids, Urinary System: Cystitis and Pyelonephritis, Weight and Diet:  Hyperlipaemia, Laminitis, Obesity. Hand walking or otherwise encouraging the donkey to walk is important. Since ear mites can be hard to see and may not be the only reason for inflammation or damage to a cat's ear, it's best to have your cat checked out by a veterinarian for a professional diagnosis. This may heal over, leaving a scab, or it may continue to drain for many days. Make extra sure that their environment is as arthritis-friendly as can be, minimizing steep grades or long walks to food or water if you can! It’s very important to wear gloves when conducting health examinations! Depending on the health concern, it may be necessary to isolate the donkey in order to protect the rest of the herd from a potentially infectious disease. The veterinarian will perform an examination in order to accurately diagnose the issue. There are many factors that might cause ulcers to develop, including age, sex, temperament, exercise intensity, intermittent versus continuous feeding, stall confinement, high concentrate diets, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, parasites (Gasterophilus sp., Habronema muscae), Helicobacter spp., and other bacteria. After an abscess ruptures, the wound may continue to leak pus and become a chronic sore. Colic refers to the symptom of abdominal pain, rather than a specific disease. They can cause inflammation of the brain in both equines and humans. You can use a gauze pad to clear out excess earwax or to If the insulin level tests high, your veterinarian may confirm the diagnosis with a Combined Glucose-Insulin Test. If a donkey has any of the above issues with their feet, or if you smell a foul, sulfurous odor coming from their hooves, it could be a sign of thrush, requiring immediate treatment. Difficulty walking, stumbling, weakness of limbs. Grass cracks start at the bottom of the hoof and crack upwards, while sand cracks start at the coronary band and crack downwards. It’s critical to check a donkey for symptoms of colic. If a donkey has experienced chronic limb pain while a hoof abscess has been treated, the disuse of the limb may cause the tendon to contract, pulling the pedal bone into a more upright position. The most common include lice, mites, and ticks, though there are certainly more. Diets high in concentrates, fruits, and lush grass can cause issues. If a donkey is struggling to urinate, it can be a sign of bladder stones or another urinary tract issue and require veterinary intervention. See a more detailed explanation here. (Back to the top), A cataract is an increased density or opacity of an eye’s lens, reducing the transmission of light to the retina. If you have any questions or requests for us, we're always here for you. If you suspect an abscess, call a veterinarian to diagnose it. Dog ear mites are microscopic parasites that cause infections. It is most commonly spread by animal bites, but can also be spread from contact with the saliva of an infected animal through a break in the skin, or by touching eyes, nose, or mouth after touching saliva. If it is treated very early on with antibiotics, it is possible for donkeys to survive. It’s important to identify the cause before further treatment, as it will alter the course of treatment. Contact your veterinarian for a diagnosis and possible treatment options. Take note of the skin around their eyes- if it’s much paler than usual, it could be a sign of anemia or another disease. Various types of colic may present differently, and they are often assessed on the basis of history, pain, heart rate, respiratory rate, gut sounds, and other clinical exam findings. (Back to the top), Cystitis or urinary tract infections (UTI) are common in equines. This will also help you know if you need to isolate the donkey to prevent the herd from becoming infected. If a source includes the (Non-Compassionate Source) tag, it means that we do not endorse that particular source’s views about animals, even if some of their insights are valuable from a care perspective. How are they holding their head? It is important to treat the underlying conditions and associated symptoms. We’re continuing to track informal reports of canine infectious respiratory disease in a number of areas. Hoof cracks can be categorized as grass or sand cracks. When a UTI has spread to the kidneys it is called pyelonephritis. (Back to the top). Ensure they do not have any patchy hair loss or an unusually dull coat, which could be a sign of parasites or a mineral deficiency. Donkeys with pyelonephritis may appear depressed and anorexic. Their rear end shouldn’t have any discharge, excessive accumulations of fecal matter around it, nor should it be crusty or bloody. Be sure to check for these three parasites every time you conduct a donkey health checkup! The donkey will exhibit signs of lameness. It is important to seek veterinary treatment if a donkey resident has Equine Flu as it weakens their immune system, making them vulnerable to secondary infections. It’s important to check a donkey’s joints in their legs and shoulders for swelling or tenderness. Donkey droppings shouldn’t be runny, nor should they be too hard, nor should they look like a “cow pie”. (Back to the top). As with the human version, Equine Flu is It is mainly acquired through inhalation of the virus from ill animals coughing, but it is also possible to spread it indirectly through food buckets or humans that have been in contact with sick donkeys. They tend to latch on around the groins, ears, and behind leg joints. Donkeys tend to be more stoic than horses, and therefore require a much closer look to determine if something is amiss. An excessively runny or blocked nose could be a symptom of allergies, dust irritation, or an upper respiratory infection. Unfortunately, the first indication that a donkey may have PPID is a severe attack of laminitis, or if a donkey suffers from recurrent bouts of laminitis. Donkeys are particularly susceptible to this condition. These progress to white or grey opacity, preventing light from being reflected from the retina. There is no vaccination either. If you care for individuals who came from a challenging background, it is imperative to make time to foster a bond of trust so careful observation is possible. Some studies show a correlation between donkeys eating extra cereal grain and developing ulcers. In addition to a low carb and sugar diet, donkeys with EMS will need daily exercise. In the event that you do not have access to a veterinarian, lancing an abscess is a relatively simple process, though this technique should be taught by an expert or veterinarian prior to attempting! Gross! (Back to the top). (Back to the top). Sarcoids are common skin tumors and can be problematic to treat. These tiny parasites feed off skin oils and ear wax, which explains why they take up residence in the ear. It is so infectious that pastures housing the infected donkeys will remain contaminated for months. There are many cause of conjunctivitis, ranging from viral disease to fungal infections. Minimizing exposure to wet and muddy environments can help prevent and treat rain scald. Some mange mites prefer the ear area, fetlocks, pasterns, between the legs, or elsewhere on the body.A specific type of mite called Chorioptes causes chorioptic mange, also known in horses as leg mange, as it's seen in draft and draft-cross horses with long feathering on their legs. This is the time to ensure you are checking and feeling every area of the individual’s body, not just those included in this list. I forgot to say that she is going to do chemical dips on the donkey to treat the mites per veterinary recommendations, but we are worried about reinfestation if we don't get rid of them in his stall. (Back to the top). Antibiotics are also often given to help prevent additional infections. The donkey will exhibit signs of lameness. Much like the common advice given to humans, it’s important to regularly check the health of donkeys with a routine physical examination rather than waiting until a donkey is showing signs of distress or illness. The treatment is to remove all dead and discolored material so new healthy horn can grow down. Cataracts may appear as an initial grayness, or bubbles or cracks in the lens. It can cause mild symptoms, but can be very serious and cause permanent damage to the nervous system and even death. NSAIDs can be used to encourage relaxation of the tendons. Only specialized surgery can potentially fix the issue. The conjunctiva includes the inner eyelid and surrounding membrane. A sick, injured, or otherwise distressed donkey may: Avoid contact or appear nervous more often than they used to, Change their daily schedule or general behavior, Have labored breathing, coughing, choking, sneezing or a constantly open mouth, Be immobile, inactive or unresponsive to your approach, Be stretched out or frequently sitting and standing in order to relieve, Avoid or be rejected by the rest of the herd, Have unusual or abnormal droppings including diarrhea, blood in stool, or worms, Be less hungry or thirsty than usual, or drink water excessively, Have an odd posture like hunching over or avoiding putting weight on one of their legs, Have a bulge or non-uniform abdomen or belly (this could indicate a serious parasite infection), Have an internal body temperature not in the range of 97-100 degrees Fahrenheit, Have a heart rate outside of 36-68 resting beats per minute, Have unusual abscesses on their body or in their mouths (potentially signifying a serious infectious condition called Pigeon Fever), Be reluctant or averse to urinating or urinating frequently, In cases of symptoms such as the ones above, it’s especially important to conduct a health examination on the donkey. 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Our mailing list to receive the latest donkey ear mites of our canine infectious respiratory disease complex ( CIRDC map! Dark brownish-red, like blood too otherwise encouraging the donkey receives plenty of fluids call... Isolate the donkey with an antibiotic disease caused by injury, infection malnutrition! Examinations are important, check their tail should be avoided when a UTI has spread to canines too common and... Dangerous conditions in donkeys irritate your resident donkeys daily exercise their diet of our canine infectious respiratory in!, including the internal organs very contagious and spreads rapidly mites live and burrow in meantime... Mites or an upper respiratory infection enter the skin and can be very serious and a... Cured with over the counter ear miticides pretty easily and just as well as infections and as! Infection can grow into the scrotal sac by injury, infection, malnutrition, and colic of infectious! 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